Someone sent me an article by David Brooks, “How We Are Ruining America“.
Brooks is a conservative columnist, and a capable writer with interesting ideas, but my issue with him is not that he’s conservative so much as that he conflates various elements of class in a far-sighted, muddled way. The “we” that is ruining America is the supposed intellectual elite, the sneering over-literate people who sometimes get too snobby.
I’ll take out this passage:
Recently I took a friend with only a high school degree to lunch. Insensitively, I led her into a gourmet sandwich shop. Suddenly I saw her face freeze up as she was confronted with sandwiches named “Padrino” and “Pomodoro” and ingredients like soppressata, capicollo and a striata baguette. I quickly asked her if she wanted to go somewhere else and she anxiously nodded yes and we ate Mexican.
First of all, I’m probably part of that educated upper-middle-class elite that people in the Jobless Interior blame for wrecking the country. (We didn’t do it. More on that.) Even still, I had to Google soppressata and capicollo. I do a lot of Googling in restaurants and, quite honestly, prefer to avoid eating at the expensive places. High IQ or no, I’m still a central Pennsylvania boy at heart. Also, what’s wrong with eating Mexican food? I’ll take a taco truck over a $13 sandwich place, any day of the week.
We have a problem in this country. The economic elite is destroying it, and the intellectual elite is largely powerless to stop the wreckage, and while there are many sources of our powerlessness, one of the main ones is that we get the bulk of the hate. The plebeians lump us all together, because the economic elite has told them to do so. They make no distinction between the magazine columnist, who can barely afford her studio in Brooklyn, and the private-jet billionaire who just fired them by changing numbers in a spreadsheet.
Brooks has some good points, and the essay that I linked to is worth reading, not because he’s right on every call, but because he’s not wrong. For example, he writes:
Over the past few decades, upper-middle-class Americans have embraced behavior codes that put cultivating successful children at the center of life. As soon as they get money, they turn it into investments in their kids.
As a person in his 30s, this resonates with me. To be blunt, I don’t share the same feel-good attitudes toward “family” and childbearing that are common in our culture. The biological drives are very strong, but these impulses perpetuate inequality. Once you have a child, you give up all hope of an enlightened, disinterested view toward matters of progeny. You become an extreme partisan, no matter how smart you are, because that’s how biology works. There are now a small number of people in the rising generation for whom you’d literally kill if it protected their safety, health, and future place in society. Moreover, if you fail to give them what are objectively unfair advantages, you will think of yourself as a failed parent forever. Continuing the species mandates that people parent; unfortunately, parenting mandates that people perpetuate crushing inequalities that, from a distance, are inexcusably unjust.
Let’s be honest: college admissions are about the parents, not the kids. Well-adjusted 18-year-olds aren’t thinking about which schools are targets for investment bankers. In fact, an 18-year-old who even knows what investment banking even is… well, that kid has severe emotional problems. Investment banking is supposed to be a safety career, not a dream, and certainly not something that a teenager aspires to enter. There are good reasons for young kids to want to go to the best school possible, but careerism is not one of them.
What Brooks observes is true. I don’t think he gets to the core of why it’s true. Adults know that our society is in decline, which is why they’ll shank each other to get unfair advances for their own kids. The dynamic isn’t new, but the intensity of it is. Three decades ago, you got farther with a degree from a state university in what is now the Jobless Interior than you get, today, with an Ivy League degree. Parents obsess over educational pedigree because they know how important it is to have connections when society goes to shit. When the land is dark and thin, merit is devalued and nostalgia wins. Elite graduates aren’t highly valued because they’re smarter than anyone else, but because their cultural and educational experiences are reminiscent of “the time before”.
Brooks also says:
Well-educated people tend to live in places like Portland, New York and San Francisco that have housing and construction rules that keep the poor and less educated away from places with good schools and good job opportunities.
These rules have a devastating effect on economic growth nationwide. Research by economists Chang-Tai Hsieh and Enrico Moretti suggests that zoning restrictions in the nation’s 220 top metro areas lowered aggregate U.S. growth by more than 50 percent from 1964 to 2009. The restrictions also have a crucial role in widening inequality. An analysis by Jonathan Rothwell finds that if the most restrictive cities became like the least restrictive, the inequality between different neighborhoods would be cut in half.
All true. All valid. Except, the emphasis is completely wrong. He implies that well-educated people are the problem. No. This is like the conservative contention that anti-vaxxers are liberal. Scientifically illiterate anti-intellectuals (on the left and right) are the problem, not leftists. Some of the NIMBYs are well-educated, and some are not.
The zoning/housing issue has little to do with educational pedigree. It’s generational. Boomers got into the housing market when prices were fair; then, they passed a bunch of self-serving legislation to thwart supply growth (as noted) and let a bunch of nonresident scumbags buy coastal real estate in order to spike land prices and apartment rents. Generation X was affected, but Millennials just got screwed. Further, Boomers have perpetuated a work culture based on hierarchy and socio-physical dominance, making it difficult to have a career in a company unless one works on-site in close proximity to the (very wealthy) people at the top. This creates abnormal demand for real estate in major cities, because peoples’ careers depend on them living there, even though the Internet was supposed to make location irrelevant. Consequently, we have a bipolar nation where one stretch of the country has affordable houses, even in beautiful locations, but offers no jobs; and the other offers jobs but offers no path to homeownership other than winning a hedge-fund or startup lottery.
This is not a balanced country, politically speaking. First, while we have two parties, we’ve become polarized to such a point that most places suffer under a local one-party system. Sure, if you were to integrate over the country’s 3.8 million square miles, you might get a balanced picture. However, it’s much rarer these days, as opposed to fifty years ago, to see liberals on the Republican ticket in Massachusetts, or Democratic state legislatures in places like Texas. That’s bad for everyone. It means that there’s less competition in politics, especially at the local level from which important services are delivered. Gerrymandering is much at fault, and so is economic inequality, and I can’t cover these topics in depth. The point is: one-party systems suck, and the people in so-called “Red” and “Blue” States both deserve better.
Second, we’ve tilted far to the right over the past thirty years. The right wing has been winning, and the left flank sits in territory that would be conservative by European standards. Therefore, if you want to explore what’s wrong with the country, you cannot give equal time to left and right. Sure, there are plenty of stupid, obnoxious, and inflexible leftists who deserve some ridicule (much like their stupid, obnoxious, inflexible counterparts on the right) but the bulk of the damage has been done by one side. Three-sigma leftists are completely irrelevant in the U.S., while outlier right-wingers may not be in charge, but get audience with those who are, and have been able to shape the future over the past forty years. The 3-sigma right-winger of 1970 wanted to reduce the inheritance tax; in 2010, it was eliminated.
To equate the sometimes-smug, deadpan-self-deprecating, left-of-center intellectual elite with the bullying, pilfering, warmongering, and environmentally perilous economic elite is… beyond irresponsible. Who does more damage, the Buzzfeed columnist who can barely afford his Manhattan rent and takes a pot shot at obese Wal-Mart customers, or the billionaires who are selling off the country?
I don’t know what “the cultural elite” is or whether I’m part of it. (After all, I had to Google capicollo.) Let’s say that I am; I’m close enough to take blame and dislike for it, at least. I’m a skilled writer; good enough with words to provoke such envious rage from Paul Graham that he had me banned from Hacker News and Quora. That’s something, right?
When I look around in my circle, I don’t see an exclusive “intellectual elite”. I see people from all sorts of backgrounds: black, Latino, transgender, Midwestern, Southern, European, Asian, sons of restaurant owners and daughters of coal miners. We accept people who are different from us. If you’re smart, no one cares where you’re from; we don’t even really care where you went to college, because it’s correlated with almost nothing after age 30. Most of the best writers and artists don’t have elite degrees at all.
For a contrast, how often do you see Davos Men hang around with anyone but other Davos Men? Never. How much do corporate executives care about people who weren’t born into their milieu. They don’t.
The intellectual elite is far more diverse in every dimension than the economic one. People who are interesting and curious don’t like boring people, but interesting people come from everywhere: even from dismal white towns in Appalachia. We may sneer at conservative, redneck culture, but we’re a lot more open to people from that sort of background than the economic elite. Why? The economic elite wants to hold power at all costs. It does so by creating artificial scarcities… real scarcities that actually hurt people.
Let’s draw a concrete example. A white kid with a 1500 SAT, from a merely middle-middle-class background, in St. Louis… will not get into Stanford, because of that obnoxious extracurricular bar. I’m not going to defend legacy admissions, or the systematic preference for non-academic activities and traits that are highly class-correlated (e.g., interesting travel, recommendations from notable people, “achievements” that involved parental pull). If I were in charge, I’d argue for 100% academic admissions, but I’m not. Both the economic and intellectual elite seem to benefit from the socioeconomic garbage that infests college admissions.
I suppose that when people get bounced at this particular door, they feel like it’s “the intellectual elite” that’s keeping them out. After all, the admissions officer isn’t part of the economic elite, so that puts her in the other one by default, right? Here’s the thing, though. The admissions officer doesn’t enjoy rejecting people. She has to make painful close calls based on limited information. And she’d probably agree that she turns down more great students than she can admit, and asks the question: why does getting into Stanford matter so much in the first place? It’s not like the country only has ten good colleges.
It’s a good question. Why does getting in to an exclusive college matter so much? It’s not the intellectual elite who are making elite degrees so essential in the corporate world (and so expensive). It’s the economic elite.
For the Baby Boom generation, college pedigree wasn’t nearly as big of a deal. You didn’t need to go to Stanford or Harvard to have a decent shot at a good first job, because good jobs were more plentiful back then. It’s a uglier picture now, but whose fault is that? Harvard professors didn’t take away the good jobs; corporate executives did.
There’s more disparity than overlap between the economic elite and the intellectual elite. People with the good fortune to be part of both are exceedingly rare. You can write that region as a set of measure zero, and not be that far off. Meanwhile, interests of the two elites have diverged. We’re headed for conflict, and our society needs for the right side to win.
The intellectual elite wants what’s best for the world’s people. We’re haughty and occasionally imperious. Sometimes, we get things wrong. We dish out a lot of figurative shit to people who misuse the word “literally”. However, we still have a stake in the rest of the world because… well, because we come from it. No one is born an intellectual. That’s kind of the point; how would it be virtuous if one could be born with it? The economic elite, however, is hereditary both by construction and intent. They fancy themselves a superior species, and have the resources to isolate their progeny from the consequences of everything they do. They’ve receded from all forms of accountability (except for the final kind that may come if they destroy the planet). They’ve weakened national governments while advancing corporate hegemony. They’ve thrown social justice, cultural progress, and environmental sustainability under the bus just to get 8.0% richer each year rather than 7.5%.
There’s a tendency in American culture, out of some skewed interest in fairness, to represent the intellectual elite (conflated with the left, though that may not be fair to intellectuals or to leftists) and the corporate/economic elite (which is more authoritarian than conservative) in some kind of parity. Sure, those downsizing corporate executives are elitist jerks… but so are people who buy arugula at Whole Foods!
Above is one of those cases where attempted parity leads to absurdity. Since the autumn of 2016, I’ve felt it necessary to scream out against these sorts of false equivalences. They’re incendiary, incorrect, and dangerous. Why is there so much more disproportionate hatred for a mostly-harmless intellectual elite over a destructive, global economic one? I think that the answer’s obvious: availability. People in the Jobless Interior come in contact with those of us in the perceived intellectual or cultural elite. Many of us are from those places that have since become jobless, and are disturbed by what has happened. Meanwhile, the (justifiably) angry people in the Red States never meet the Davos Men and Sand Hill Road tech barons who are actually destroying their lives.
The proletarians get screwed over, and usually don’t know why it’s happening. For whatever reason, we get blamed, as if not only ought we to have protected them, but as if we built the processes that take their jobs away and immiserate their cities. I’d be willing to take all the blame, if it were due. The problem is that it’s incorrect to blame us. If you want to hate me for the books I read or words I use or food I eat, go ahead. Let’s not get distracted. We have a shared enemy. The country isn’t being destroyed by people using the word “intersectionality”. No, it’s being wrecked by the weakening of unions, corporate downsizing, accumulated environmental damage, rising anti-intellectualism, and creeping plutocracy. We have a real enemy and it’s time to put our (very mild) differences aside and fight.
I don’t think you understand the case against the intellectual elite. It is not that nerds twirling their mustaches “ruined the country”; rather, it is that they were wrong. One can strenuously disagree with ideas championed by a group, and note their influence (even over billionaires!), without having one’s worldview crushed by the fact that they’re struggling to make rent.
How were intellectual elite wrong? Any concrete example? I think michael o church gave a correct response to the article.
The intellectual elite are mostly harmless human beings who can be haughty sometimes.
You ask “How were intellectual elite wrong? Any concrete example?”; read up on LBJ’s great society.
I am wondering if it wasn’t our intellectual elite who provided the cover for our corporate elite. When I was in school in the 90’s – at an East Coast, liberal, Ivy-League school – it was respectable to take on *cultural* Marxism, or at least some watered-down version of it. Here, you don’t overthrow the system, or even try to reform it, but you manipulate culture to make people loose confidence in it.
But if you started talking about unions, workers’ rights, class conflict, protectionism, or any of the old tropes of classic Leftist theory, you’d get nothing but silence.
The professors and students who did have an interest in Marx focused obsessively on the few pages he wrote about culture, such as his sloppy “fetishization of commodities” essay. There was almost no focus on his analysis of the struggle between producers and managers. To me, that was the only valuable contribution of his otherwise fetid legacy. It’s creepily relevant to tech.
Many of these kids were going on to banks and hedge funds, med school, or tech companies if they were scientifically inclined, and talking about that sort of thing was just frowned upon. Globalization, the disenfranchisement of the working classes, the deterioration of the middle class, and the rise of the super-rich were all inevitable.
If you think about it, cultural Marxism blended in perfectly with the times. It’s aim was to demoralize a civilization – and demoralized people aren’t going to stand up to their new overlords.
Interestingly, look at all the flak MOC received in his professional life for speaking about collective bargaining. A classic Leftist issue, and he got blackballed for it. Yes, we that say that it could also be because of a lot of the more looney things he’s posted – the Paul Graham grudge comes to mind. But there are plenty of gainfully employed people who are just as nutty about approved social causes – gay and minority rights, gender discrimination, etc. MOC said the “U” word.
It should be noted that “nonresident scumbags” aren’t really that much of a problem, contrary to what some might say.
That exclusionary zoning comes from a place of “I got mine, and I don’t want ‘those’ people anywhere near me”, and as Mr. Brooks writes, has done immense damage to us, along lines of economic gain, integration, and just generally missing out on having really nice places to live and work.
These things are incredibly exclusionary, and while many folks in these areas aren’t the kinds of “economic elites” referred to here (the billionaire class), they do real, ongoing damage with their attitudes towards density and transit.
There’s no reason a city like Somerville, MA (where I live), which used to be one of the densest cities in the country (it’s still quite dense, at #16 based on Wikipedia), should be as hurting for housing as it is. There’s no reason the nearby town of Newton, MA, should be zoned almost exclusively for single-family detached homes. Especially since it is, in fact, served by our metro system, and could reasonably and readily support far more dense housing.
There’s no reason a city like Arlington, one town northwest of me, should have been able to halt the construction of a major subway line through its city center in the ’80s, primarily on the basis of not wanting “those people”. Some source on that: https://boston.curbed.com/2014/2/13/10144086/the-red-line-stops-in-arlington-and-lexington
These sorts of attitudes are what you describe here: anti-intellectual, exclusionary, “I got mine” thinking. Which, it seems, isn’t limited to elites.
If you associate with, and work for, a**holes- don’t be surprised if people cannot tell the difference between you two.
FYI- I wrote something about this about 6 years ago..
That hits hard, and I think you’re absolutely right. The useful idiots (given the Russian-language origin of “useful idiot”, it’s apropos right now) and watered-down intellectuals called “thought leaders” are going to look like a joke.
sorry for missing a comment on your other post, which honestly, I find more entertaining so I’ll take this chance and reproduce it here:
>> Earlier tonight, I read something that I wrote on the Internet a few years ago. I won’t link to it. I regret it. It was an impulsive, not-very-coherent “wall of text” post on a message board. It disturbed me to read it and realize that I had written it.
Man, you’re growing up. As Mark Twain said. Ok, Mark Twain said “When I was a boy of 14, my father was so ignorant I could hardly stand to have the old man around. But when I got to be 21, I was astonished at how much the old man had learned in seven years.”
At the age of 28 you were still an ignorant asshole of the kind you complain about as competitors from both above “Evil People” and horizontal (“Smart People”). No, you are not ruining America like you never ruined anything except your life if you don’t make it to senectute.
But you like functional programming, a relict of your “I like Metallica” or even lamer “I like Depeche Mode” group justification for why you think I’m a lamer (I didn’t like FP and still don’t, and what did your group thinking help you except be fired and flagged?). And in functional, you recognize an older version of yourself even though it’s not at all a [current] version of yourself.
And I’ve evolved, you’ve evolved but we’re still not separate branches. You’re what I used to be.
> Brooks is a conservative columnist
He’s a neo-conservative, not a conservative. This distinction is difficult to spot, but critically important. And if by “fight” you mean “resist” e.g. join the Clinton’s neo-liberal movement…well, once again, please consider what “neo-” stands for.
You were spot on about the divide-and-conquer game run by the upper class. Thing is, knowing what’s wrong and having the power to fix it are two very different things.
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Intelligentsia, its role and destiny in every revolution.
I think michael o church gave a correct response to the article. .
For a high-IQ programmer who’s seen SV VC evil firsthand, you’re remarkably slow at applying your 3-ladders framework to other world events and turning your knowledge into actual advice.
Look up some lectures by former KGB agent Yuri Bezmenov. Then read about the Holodomor and about women’s rights during the Russian revolution. Then, maybe you’ll be ready to ingest a “pol redpill thread” and find the few nuggets of secret truth that even there are mostly hidden by contagious lies.
And when you do fight (by spreading information and working within applicable laws), you’ll actually plan for the level of resistance you expect to face. To understand it, read “HP and the Methods of Rationality” (a Communist propaganda piece seeking to turn science into a Mystery school religion) particularly the parts about the Old Wizarding War. It might even help make your novel better! Good luck.
Nothing wrong with not understanding some of the terms used in a food shop you haven’t been in before. When it makes you so uncomfortable that you get anxious and retreat from it, then something is wrong.
It’s 2017. Knowledge is power. This diabolical economic elite you write of would be completely powerless without its army of well-pedigreed scientists, lawyers, engineers, marketers, etc… It’s like you’re a knight who just burnt down a village, and now you’re asking the villagers, “Why are you stupid peasants mad at me?! Save that rage for the king who sent me!”
Given the length of this piece, you probably already knew that subconsciously…
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